Automobiles are a major part of the modern world and we can’t imagine how we would live without these cars today. They help us to travel to different places with ease and comfort. They reduce the time and energy spent on transportation which means more time for you to work or spend with your family. However, the Automobile industry also brought with it many negative issues like pollution from exhaust and destruction of undeveloped land.
The automobile has evolved as a technologically complex technical system, with subsystems that have specific design functions. Its development is driven by advances in materials, including high-strength plastics and advanced alloys of steel and nonferrous metals. The industry is also a large consumer of oil and other raw materials.
Invented in the late 1800s, the automobile revolutionized urban life, making it possible for people to live farther from their jobs and have a wider choice of leisure activities. As the automobile spread, it created new industries and services such as hotels, amusement parks, fast food, and highways. But it also led to new laws and government requirements, such as traffic rules, safety features, and drivers’ licenses.
During the first decades of the 20th century, steam, electric, and gasoline internal combustion powered automobiles competed, but the gas-powered car soon won out. The manufacturing techniques introduced by Henry Ford revolutionized industrial manufacturing, allowing him to produce enough Model Ts to make the automobile affordable for middle-class families.